S.Y. 2017-2018 : 2ND SEM
478 - 3585 / 659 - 2113 / 659 - 2075
The study presented a gender reading through a content analysis of selected prison films in Philippine cinema – On the Job (2013) directed by Erik Matti, Hari ng Selda: Anak ni Baby Ama (2013) directed by Deo Fajardo, Jr. and Death Row (2000) directed by Joel Lamangan, these films focused on male prisoners as the lead protagonists.
Critical theory (Martin, 1996), Theory of Hegemony (Gitlia and Todd, 1994) and the Stereotype Theory (Lippman, 2009) were adapted as solid foundations in the qualitative descriptive study of the prison films under study. In particular, content analysis was employed because of its careful, detailed, systematic examination and interpretation of a particular body of material in an effort to identify patterns, themes, biases and meanings.
Data were gathered as the qualitative inquiry underwent three phases: First phase was the library research on film theories, criticism, movements, critiques and reviews including notes, journals and issues on prison films. Second phase was the actual viewing, recording and transcribing of dialogues, scenes, shots and writing of the synopsis of the films selected and the last phase is the arrangement and organizing of data gathered by items in matrix format based on the themes that emerged from the viewing.
Thus, after a careful and critical content analysis of the films cited, it can be said that the distorted images, using ideas and messages about prisoners still exist in Philippine cinema. In fact, the media has consistently placed bias on how they portray prisoners in films-violent, rebellious and sex perverts.
Further, a wrong notion of defining prison as a place of punishment should be corrected because it contradicts the basic goal of prison life that of which is to restore and rebuild one’s life.
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