S.Y. 2017-2018 : 2ND SEM
478 - 3585 / 659 - 2113 / 659 - 2075
Raising passing standards in exams may both positively and negatively affect students and faculty members. This study provides useful data on the present mindset of stakeholders which may affect their support (or lack of) for it. It is based on several theories including but not limited to the Motivation Theory which suggests that letting students know that the exams they will be taking will have higher stakes may motivate them to perform better; and Attribution Theory which claims that people’s attributions for their outcomes hold significant relations to their behavior, motivation, and likelihood of success or failure.
Faculty members and students from the College of Business Administration (CBA) of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa (PLMun) were surveyed to determine their support (or lack of) and perspective on “raising the passing score in all written exams in professional courses from 60% to 70% mastery level.”
Among the faculty members surveyed, 58% voted in favor of raising the passing score. Similarly, among the sophomore students surveyed, 46% voted in favor of raising the passing score. Gender, civil status, educational attainment, and employment status were found to have no significant influence on their stand. Instead, it was found that the torn support on the proposition is due to two significant beliefs: (1) Raising the passing score motivates students to set higher academic goals, and (2) Raising the passing score is not the ultimate judgment of students’ real abilities. The first view affirms the Motivation Theory but is balanced by the second view which reflects more of the Attribution Theory. Although higher stakes can motivate some students to work harder, others who don’t believe in the credibility of the measurement tool will remain uncooperative and unmotivated by the new standards. This information can be used as a guide in deciding whether to raise the passing standard or not. It can also help in planning its effective implementation or in looking for an alternative.
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